A brief History of Mexico
Present day Mexico has has a long history of hard fought wars and battles in which some resulted in great losses and others in life changing victories. The beginning of Mexican history dates back to the time of the Olmecs, an ancient civilization that was the first to settle in what is now considered present day Mexico. The Olmecs set the foundation for following civilizations throughout their creation of complex religious systems, spoken and written languages, and their use of the land and animal life for their survival. Although no human has ever known how the Olmec people vanished, their disappearance happened as fast as their upbringing did. Following the Olmec civilization, the Aztec people became the most famous civilization to reside in the land of Mexico. Lead by montezuma, the Aztecs were a powerful group that thrived and created a major complex city known as Tenochtitlan. Tenochtitlan was the pride and joy of the Aztec people and it housed their ruler Montezuma. To the Aztecs dismay, their glorious city was conquered, and their ruler was killed by the Spanish conquistador Hernan Cortes and his group of followers. Cortez began his Mexican conquest in Tenochtitlan soon made his way through the rest of the country. Years later, Mexico fought a war of independence to free themselves from Spanish rule, but the blood shed did not stop there. After gaining their independence from Spain, Mexico found itself in conflict with its neighboring country, the United States. This conflict resulted in Mexico’s loss of 50% of its territory. Years later, Mexico was still in conflict with the nobles of the country who still practiced under Spanish rule. This sparked the Mexican revolution which resulted in a decade long war. Due to its political struggles Mexico had a suffering economy. The North American Free Trade Agreement helped aid the Mexican economy. The timeline above provides the dates and a more detailed explanation of important Mexican HIstory events.